Study: Cannabis Consumers Among the “Most Well-Adjusted and Successful of American Adults”

Study: Cannabis Consumers Among the “Most Well-Adjusted and Successful of American Adults”

A new study has found that many of the stereotypes surrounding cannabis are untrue, and that cannabis consumers are among the “most well-adjusted and successful of American adults”.

According to the study by BDS Analytics; “Public support for cannabis legalization is stronger today than ever before, yet the “stoner” stereotype — apathetic, unsuccessful, flaky — persists. But not, we believe, for much longer.”

According to the research group; “Cannabis consumers, it turns out, are among the most well-adjusted and successful of American adults, based on results from BDS Analytics’ landmark cannabis consumer research study, the first of its kind in history. The ongoing study is the most comprehensive and detailed look at cannabis consumers ever conducted.”

One theme that clearly emerges from the research is the “overall healthy well-being of cannabis Consumers (people who consume cannabis), when compared to Acceptors (people who do not consume cannabis but might consider it) and Rejecters (people who do not consume cannabis and would not consider it).”

Among the findings, Cannabis Consumers are:

Accomplished Personally and Professionally

  • Average annual household income among California Consumers is $93,800, compared to $72,800 for Acceptors and $75,900 for Rejecters.
  • The percentage of people holding master’s degrees among California Consumers is 20 percent, compared to 13 percent for Acceptors and 12 percent for Rejecters.
  • Full-time employment is enjoyed by 64 percent of Colorado Consumers, compared to 51 percent of Acceptors and 54 percent of Rejecters.

Satisfied with Life

  • Nearly five in 10 Colorado Consumers agree they are more satisfied with life today than they were a year ago, compared to about four in 10 among Acceptors and Rejecters.

Parents Raising Families

  • Cannabis Consumers are the most likely segment to be parents in California: 64 percent of Consumers are parents, compared to 60 percent of Acceptors and 55 percent of Rejecters.
  • In addition, Consumers in California are significantly more likely to have children ages 10 years or younger at home — 37 percent of Consumers compared to 23 percent of Acceptors and 11 percent of Rejecters

Active Socially and Creatively

  • Among Colorado Consumers, 36 percent agree they are very social people, compared to 21 percent for Acceptors and 28 percent for Rejecters.
  • Acceptors in Colorado were more likely to enjoy the fine arts and describe themselves as creative.

Enjoy the Outdoors

  • When compared to Rejecters, Consumers in both Colorado and California say they enjoy outdoor recreation at a higher rate — 50 percent for Colorado Consumers compared to 36 percent for Colorado Rejecters, and 57 percent for California Consumers compared to 26 percent for California Rejecters.

Nurturing and Volunteers

  • In California, 60 percent of Consumers agree that they are nurturing people, compared to 41 percent of Rejecters. Also, 38 percent of Consumers say they volunteer their time to help others, compared to 25 percent of Rejecters.

About Anthony Martinelli

Anthony, co-founder and Editor-in-Chief of TheJointBlog, has worked closely with numerous elected officials who support cannabis law reform, including as the former Campaign Manager for Washington State Representative Dave Upthegrove. He has also been published by multiple media outlets, including the Seattle Times. He can be reached at


Published at Thu, 15 Jun 2017 20:45:14 +0000

U.S. Rep. Jared Polis, marijuana legalization supporter, to run for Colorado governor

U.S. Rep. Jared Polis, marijuana legalization supporter, to run for Colorado governor

U.S. Representative Jared Polis plans to join the crowded race for Colorado governor this week, The Denver Post reports.

In April, The Cannabist’s Alicia Wallace sat down with Polis to talk with him about marijuana policy at the federal and state level, championing marijuana reform in the current political climate, and the future of the business of marijuana.

Polis is a founding member of Congress’  Cannabis Caucus, a bipartisan group dedicated to promoting and protecting the nascent industry of legalized weed. Last March, he reintroduced the Regulate Marijuana Like Alcohol Act, which would end the federal prohibition on marijuana, as part of a larger, bipartisan “Path to Marijuana Reform” package of three related bills.

Watch the rest of The Cannabist’s exclusive interview from April.

The Denver Post reporting:

by Mark K. Matthews

In joining the race for governor, the Boulder Democrat will advocate a vision for Colorado that tests how far to the left the state has shifted politically in the last decade.

In an interview with The Denver Post, the fifth-term lawmaker said his platform will focus on three initiatives: getting Colorado to use 100 percent renewable energy by 2040, ensuring parents can access free, full-day preschool or kindergarten for children age 3 and older, and encouraging companies in the state to provide stock options to employees.

“This is a campaign of big, bold ideas, and I’m trying to make them happen,” Polis said. “We want a Colorado that works for everybody.”

His entry further scrambles a contest that already lacks a clear favorite, and it all but guarantees that the 2018 race to replace Gov. John Hickenlooper will be one Colorado’s wildest elections in years. Polis’ run is notable too, given that the onetime Internet wunderkind can use his sizable fortune to fund his campaign and — if he wins — Polis would make history as the state’s first openly gay governor.

Before that happens, however, Polis will have to navigate a field that is striking in its size and depth.

One of Polis’ main rivals in the Democratic primary will be fellow congressman Ed Perlmutter, a lawmaker whom Polis has served alongside since Polis joined the House in 2009. With both Polis and Perlmutter in the race, the only House Democrat from Colorado not running for governor in 2018 is U.S. Rep. Diana DeGette of Denver.

It won’t just be them, either.

Former state Sen. Mike Johnston was one of the first Democrats to throw his hat into the ring, and he surprised many political observers by raising an eye-popping $625,000 in his first fundraising quarter. Also competing: Cary Kennedy, a former state treasurer, and businessman Noel Ginsburg.

And those are just the Democrats.

The Republican side features Doug Robinson, the nephew of Mitt Romney; George Brauchler, the prosecutor of the Aurora theater shooter; and former state legislator Victor Mitchell. State Treasurer Walker Stapleton, a distant relative of Jeb Bush, may also run, as might Kent Thiry, the head of the Denver-based dialysis giant DaVita Inc.

“The game is on, and Mr. Polis will heighten it even more,” said Floyd Ciruli, a Denver-based political consultant. “He definitely changes the complexion of the race.”

Adding to the intrigue is the nature of Polis’ candidacy. Though Polis represents Boulder, one of the most active liberal strongholds in the country, his record occasionally has conflicted with that wing of the party.

In 2015, he bucked the Sierra Club and supported a bill that would have helped clear the way for the passage of a controversial trade deal known as the Trans-Pacific Partnership. While the 12-nation accord ultimately collapsed under domestic political pressure, Polis took heat for voting in favor of giving President Barack Obama fast-track authority to approve deals such as the TPP.

“Colorado is a trade-dependent state,” Polis said of the vote.

Like Perlmutter, Polis also faces a challenge in winning support from Colorado Democrats who backed U.S. Sen. Bernie Sanders. The Vermont lawmaker beat rival Hillary Clinton in the state, but Colorado’s so-called superdelegates — comprising elected officials and party insiders such as Perlmutter and Polis — got behind Clinton at the Democratic National Convention. The decision irked Sanders supporters, and the move could haunt the two congressmen.

The fight Polis probably is best known for, however, is his 2014 battle against hydraulic fracturing — or fracking — a process in which energy companies pump water, sand and chemicals into the ground to extract oil and gas. That year, Polis led an effort to put two initiatives on the ballot that would have imposed new restrictions on fracking, including a larger buffer between homes and rigs.

The campaign had support of many environmentalists, but it terrified a number of establishment Democrats — in large part because it was seen as potentially damaging to the re-election campaigns of Hickenlooper and then-U.S. Sen. Mark Udall. The worry was that oil and gas companies would spend big to defeat Polis’ fracking measures and — as a result — more conservative voters would turn out and drag down the Democratic incumbents.

Faced with intense intraparty pressure, Polis ultimately agreed to a deal in which he would withdraw the fracking initiatives in exchange for the energy industry withdrawing two of its own. As part of the agreement, Hickenlooper also assented to the creation of a task force to make recommendations on future fracking policies.

The consequences of that 2014 showdown continue to reverberate today.

In its aftermath, Hickenlooper won a second term as governor but Udall lost to current U.S. Sen. Cory Gardner. Meanwhile, the task force led to little in the way of widespread change — a result Polis called unfortunate.

“I think the task force fell short,” Polis said.

It also may have hurt Polis’ standing among some eco-activists, though one environmentalist didn’t describe it as a significant mark.

“Some may have lingering feelings from the oil and gas initiatives a few years ago, but I don’t think it’s widespread,” said Pete Maysmith, the executive director of Conservation Colorado. “Certainly, Congressman Polis has been a longtime friend of the environment.”

Indeed, the 2014 ballot initiatives likely wouldn’t have gone far without the hundreds of thousands of dollars Polis plucked down to help advance them.

That ability — to write a check for a cause or campaign — is one reason Polis could cause headaches for his opponents.

The state has strict limits on fundraising, and those caps make it much easier for self-funding candidates to outspend their competitors. It’s a situation Polis used to his advantage in 2008, when he spent about $6 million of his own money to help win his Boulder-based House seat, according to federal records.

He said he plans to do the same this time around.

“I wouldn’t ask other people to invest in my race if I wasn’t willing to invest in it myself,” Polis said.

The ability comes from a series of internet-related ventures Polis, 42, has profited from since college — a run of success that includes online greeting cards and

“For most people, Valentine’s Day and Mother’s Day are pleasant holidays. For me, I still have cold sweats at night because those were the most stressful times of the year,” Polis said.

The effort paid off, however, and now Polis is consistently ranked among the richest members of Congress; his net worth recently was estimated at more than $90 million.

Starting Monday, when Polis officially launches his governor’s bid, he will use that cash to help advance an agenda that is notable for its liberal ambition in a state almost evenly divided among Democrats, Republicans and independents.

He’ll need the money, too, especially if he wins the Democratic primary.

Colorado’s powerful oil and gas sector, which employs tens of thousands of workers statewide and remains a huge economic driver, likely will mobilize in a big way against both his candidacy and his proposal to get Colorado electricity providers to derive 100 percent of their power from renewable energy sources, such as wind and solar, by 2040.

The state has already required its investor-owned utilities to generate 30 percent from renewables by 2020.

“It’s going to be very hard for Polis’ ideas to resonate outside Boulder,” said Matt Dempsey, an industry consultant based in Denver.

At the same time, his other plans — to expand early childhood education and to create a state-affiliated center to encourage companies to expand stock options to their employees — could face opposition from fiscal hawks and business owners.

Polis said he’s open to ideas on how to pay for them, but not the importance of making them happen.

“There’s a lot of opportunity to do good on the state level,” he said.

This story was first published on


Published at Mon, 12 Jun 2017 17:52:26 +0000

An Open Letter On Health Canada’s Approved Sprays

An Open Letter On Health Canada’s Approved Sprays

Before we get into the pesticides and sprays approved by Health Canada, I would like to introduce myself:

My name is Freddie Pritchard, and I’ve been a Canadian Cannabis Activist in Canada for eighteen years. I have a long history with Cannabis- I’m the former owner of a compassion club in Windsor, Ontario (now closed by the WPD), I spoke on the panel at the Senate Committee on Illegal Drugs, I’ve been immersed in Health Canada and Cannabis for the fifteen years of its existence, and I’m proud to know almost all of the first Section 56 exemptees in this country.
I’m well-known and highly respected in the Canna community for my activism work, accuracy, and time spent fighting for patients’ access to safe and affordable cannabis. I have ten years of cannabis growing experience,  have been a daily cannabis consumer for 33 years, and I run a weekly live show on YouTube that reports each week on everything that happens here in Canada about Cannabis.
One of the bigger projects I have been working on for over a year is on the topic of the large marijuana producers, their 10 recalls, and the illegal and legal pesticides and sprays they use. I did a series of shows with Cannabis Life Network where three of us smoke tested, and lab tested for THC and CBD contents, 17 different strains from six different large producers. The three of us standing in front of the camera combined carry 80 years of cannabis experience.

The smoke test results we found were very bad…..

  • poor burn-ability
  • black ash
  • sparking up
  • very terrible chemical tastes
  • obviously sprayed and containing chemicals

This was filmed and shot one year ago (July 2016) and a recall later came from Organigram, issued on January  9, 2017, for all 74 lots and went back a full 11 months! As well, Mettrum and Aurora had to issue a recall for carrying those Organigram products as well.

On January 9, 2017, Organigram Inc., a licensed producer of cannabis for medical purposes located in New Brunswick, began a voluntary recall of sixty-nine lots of product under a Type II recall, in addition to 5 lots of product under a Type III recall that was initiated on December 28, 2016.

The products that are being recalled include dried marijuana and cannabis oil that were produced between February 1, 2016 and December 16, 2016, and the affected lot numbers can be found below:

The results were from an illegal spray called Myclobutanil that when burned or combusted creates the extremely poisonous hydrogen cyanide!

The bottom line here was that in that YouTube episode above we smoked the myclobutanil and were right about it being sprayed with pesticides and chemicals. Until the recall, patients were smoking it, too.

In the instances of the 11 month recall by Organigram and more recently, a 15 month recall by Hydropothecary, the long-term recalls failed patients miserably as it’s clear all the Large Producer’s members/patients consumed it, whether through combustion, vaporization or in the form of a edible.

In other episodes, bad chemical tastes and black ash were readily apparent in most cannabis sampled, and even worse, some were from large, licensed producers of cannabis that have not been caught for myclobutanil.Now many patients since then have been suffering symptoms such as getting very sick/ill, experiencing nausea, and losing weight- I have reported on all the below stories on my show at the time they happened.

Presently there are 2 class action lawsuits, a third proposed, and the Veterans are getting together for possibly even another.

Part of being involved involved so deeply in the Medicinal side of Cannabis and having access to social media is I have been hearing from many patients for over 2 years now and they said the very same things reported in the stories below.

I’m not alone and as you can see below most patients do not trust their large producers, which have a 13 percent approval rating- the worst of all sectors! The difference among age groups lends weight to the view that the younger and more inexperienced do not know better when compared to the over 50 crowd that has that experience and has seen quality cannabis.

Just 13 per cent of roughly 1,500 people gave marijuana companies a rating of five or higher on a seven-point trust scale.

The Globe and Mail reported that while findings differ somewhat by age group, trust is an issue across the board: Just 10 per cent of people over 50 trust marijuana producers, while only 17 per cent gave a rank of five or higher amid the highest-trust group, those between the ages of 18 to 24.
In a Globe and Mailpiece on the Class Action lawsuits filed against Mettrum and Organigram for using banned pesticides, they spoke to Ms. Downton, a medicinal cannabis patient who after taking the product daily “began to suffer from severe nausea and vomiting within approximately two weeks after first consuming the Affected Product”.
According to reports, sick veterans have been urging Health Minister Jane Philpott to further probe tainted medical marijuana.
In another story, Robert Lamarre, a 59 year-old medicinal cannabis patient, says “I’ve been consuming all my life since I was 13 years old. I was never affected, got sick because of cannabis, never, never”. He says that when he started smoking the tainted Organigram product, he began coughing and experiencing other symptoms. “I lost 40 pounds in the space of 6 months”.
According to The Globe and Mail, the Nova Scotia man listed in the new proposed class action lawsuit allegedly became violently ill after consuming medical marijuana he purchased from Mettrum. This is the third proposed class-action lawsuit over pesticide-laden medical marijuana in Canada!
In a story from Now Toronto, Patty Wade was concerned because after starting one of Mettrum’s cannabis oil products she says she spent weeks feeling extremely ill with vomiting and nausea. Dawn Rae Downton, who is the lead plaintiff in the OrganiGram action, says she contacted Health Canada to report her adverse reactions, but the department later claimed to have no record of her report. Vomiting, dizziness, pain and dry-heaving are all part of what Downton says she experienced two weeks into her first batch of weed from OrganiGram.
For more information on the Class Action Lawsuit against Organigram and Mettrum by Wagner’s serious injury law firm, please click the following link.
However I need to bring your attention to these 17 approved sprays and their acceptable levels that can pass through testing, as they are approved to be sprayed on flowering and dried marijuana. As per the Heath Canada website, and as detailed out in the ACMPR regulations for the Large producers, it is clear that they cannot spray unless it is one of the 17 approved sprays.

I watched this list grow from 7 sprays to 13 and now 17 approved sprays.

According to the Health Canada website:

  • As per section 18 of the ACMPR, licenced producers are not permitted to use additives in the production of fresh or dried marijuana, or marijuana plants or seeds intended for sale. “An additive means anything other than marihuana but does not include any residue of a pest control product or its components or derivatives unless the amount of the residue exceeds any maximum residue limit specified for the product, component or derivative under section 9 or 10 of the Pest Control Products Act.”
  • Licenced producers must also adhere to section 66 of the ACMPR which states that “fresh or dried marihuana or marihuana plants or seeds must not be treated with a pest control product unless the product is registered for use on marihuana under the Pest Control Products Act or is otherwise authorized for use under that Act”

Contrary to what a lot of politicians in the House of Commons have been saying lately while debating Bill C-45, and Bill Blair talking about how Cannabis is unsafe, and the need for a safe regulated supply of known potency, purity and providence- it is not true.

Those who grow Cannabis do not succeed if they spray in the flowering phase or on dried cannabis. That is why we don’t.

It is a practice not only frowned upon, but not generally followed by growers, for the same reasons a lot of patients do not like the Large producer Cannabis.

Black ash and chemical tastes. You can tell. Anyone that enjoys or knows cannabis can tell by the bad taste. The end result here is the seller does not receive much if any repeat business.

Now firstly and to be highly noted these 17 sprays are made for ornamental plants and food crops. NOT to be put on medicinal Cannabis and then combusted (burnt and inhaled). There is a drastic difference. Pesticides are designed to be washed off and broken down by the digestive system, which does not happen during combustion by medicinal users.

In the case of sprayed cannabis the medicinal users get hit with the handling of these chemicals, getting it on their skin, and then through combustion, they consume them because Cannabis does not get washed.

Last February on my show I reported that Warren Porter, a specialist in molecular and environmental toxicology at the University of Wisconsin-Madison agreeing with me.

This article from The Globe and Mail notes that although myclobutanil is approved for use on some foods to control mildew, it is designed to be washed off while any remaining residue is metabolized by the digestive system so that it is not a threat to the body. The reason it is banned for plants that are smoked, including tobacco, is that the chemical enters the bloodstream directly through the lungs, without being metabolized.

Secondly these pesticide all come with massive percentages of Inert/other ingredients.

Inert/Other ingredients are used in pesticide products for a variety of reasons, including to help the pesticide stick to surfaces like leaves and soil. They are designed themselves to stick and leave their residues, to combat pests, molds and fungus. And some examples of Inert/Other ingredients are emulsifiers, solvents, carriers, aerosol propellants, petroleum products, fragrances and dyes.

In some cases the Inert/Other ingredients can be more dangerous then the active ingredients in the pesticides!

Inert and Other Ingredients Information

Thirdly these Inert/Other ingredients all come with signal words…..

CAUTION – means the pesticide product is slightly toxic if eaten, absorbed through the skin, inhaled, or it causes slight eye or skin irritation.

WARNING–  indicates the pesticide product is moderately toxic if eaten, absorbed through the skin, inhaled, or it causes moderate eye or skin irritation

DANGER – means that the pesticide product is highly toxic by at least one route of exposure. It may be corrosive, causing irreversible damage to the skin or eyes. Alternatively, it may be highly toxic if eaten, absorbed through the skin, or inhaled. If this is the case, then the word “POISON” must also be included in red letters on the front panel of the product label

Now, of the 17 approved sprays, 11 carry a “caution” label which means they are toxic, but only mildly if absorbed through the skin, inhaled, and can cause slight eye or skin irritation.

The 11 approved sprays with a “Caution” label are listed below:

  • actinovate
  • Bioprotec PLUS
  • Botanigard 22 WP
  • Botanigard ES
  • MilStop Foliar Fungicide
  • Rootshield(R) WP Biological Fungicide
  • Vegol Crop Oil
  • Bio-Ceres G WP
  • Influence LC
  • prestop

The other six have a warning label which indicates it is moderately toxic if absorbed through the skin, inhaled, or causes moderate eye or skin irritation

  • Sirocco
  • Agrotek Ascend Vaporized Sulphur
  • Neudosan Commercial
  • Opal Insecticidal Soap
  • Kopa Insecticidal Soap
  • Rootshield HC Biological Fungicide Wettable Powder

Now, the warning labels all say toxic for handling, being inhaled, getting absorbed through the skin, and getting in the eyes, and on most of the labels are clear warnings that outline their toxicity.

I have assembled here all of the above pesticides labels and Inert and other ingredient information:

Now clearly we have mild and medium toxic chemicals of the pesticides’ “Active ingredients”, and a lot that are unknown with massive percentages of Inert/other ingredients. “Actinovate” is a whopping 99.96 percent inert/other ingredients and almost all the others have 80 percent or higher Inert/Other Ingredients.

None of these are designed for inhaling, combustion, vaping or edible ingestion- they then become poisons.

No testing has ever been done that can refer to the combustion and inhalation by humans these toxins.

Most people would agree they do not want these harmful pesticides on their food stuffs, but I can tell you, it should not be approved, 17 of them now, to be on cannabis for medicinal users, to be then consumed in any form.

So in recapping

  • Experienced cannabis smokers noticed chemical tastes, black ash, bad burn ability
  • Experienced growers do not spray on flowering of dried cannabis
  • Many product recalls, 2 very long term that failed patients, illegal sprays
  • Patients report getting sick/ill
  • Class action lawsuits
  • Most patients do not trust their large producer
  • Health Canada approves 17 sprays on flowering and dried cannabis
  • All the approved pesticides are either mildly or moderately toxic, based on their own labels
  • They contain massive percentages of Inert/Other Ingredients
  • They are designed to stick to plants and leave residues
  • The pesticides are for non food and food crops not for combustion
  • Patients handle it and consume it

Recently, Health Canada took away the large producers ability to foliar feed.

Foliar feeding is a essential practice use by growers of all plants, to feed nutrients to the plant through its leafs.

Cannabis plants benefit greatly from this practice in the vegetative stage, before floral clusters form.
This cannot be confused with pesticide spraying and normally, growers use a mild nutrient solution and typically cease this practice in the flowering stage.

I remember 15 years go talking with Bruce Erickson who worked for the Office of Controlled Substances, Department of Health, and had a big hand in writing the MMAR regulations. I had asked him over the phone if he had ever talked to any activists or cannabis growers before writing the draft regulations. He said ‘he never did. How could we?”

In this article by the Financial Post, Anne McLellan  recently said, “Black market marijuana growers should be included in the legal market as they can provide valuable expertise as it evolves”.
I have been through this for the 15 years medical cannabis has been legal here in Canada. I have watched and heard many patients suffer as they try to find reasonable and affordable access. I can’t help thinking that after all this time, through Section 56, MMAR, MMPR, and now the ACMPR, that Canada has never allowed real, quality cannabis to exist, nor provided reasonable or affordable access, for ALL patients.

In light of those falling ill, the sprays, and lawsuits it is getting worse. I would really like to be able to bridge that gap that exists between the cannabis world and Health Canada. Our knowledge and information has been pioneered and passed down for generations, and you need to talk to people like us.

If there is anything at all you would like to talk about please do not hesitate to get a hold of me

I would ask that Health Canada and the Large Producer consider the following very seriously……

– DO NOT allow the spraying of anything on cannabis in the flowering phase OR on dried cannabis, including ALL of the 17 approved sprays
– Only allow spraying pesticides in the vegetative growth stage and cease when flowering
– Allow foliar feeding in the vegetative stage and cease when flowering


Published at Sat, 10 Jun 2017 09:21:07 +0000

Colorado marijuana sales in April 2017 top $125 million

Colorado marijuana sales in April 2017 top $125 million

Colorado’s marijuana industry notched its 11th consecutive $100 million month in April.

But the month in which cannabis enthusiasts celebrate the “high holiday” of 4/20 fell short of setting a monthly high for the state.

The state’s pot shops raked in $125.2 million in medical and recreational marijuana sales of flower, edibles and concentrates during April, The Cannabist calculated by extrapolating Colorado marijuana taxes and fees data.

Recreational marijuana sales totaled nearly $88.4 million while medical marijuana sales approached $36.9 million, according to The Cannabist’s calculations.

Through April, the industry brought in close to $492 million, a nearly 27 percent increase from the $388 million in sales during the first four months of 2016, The Cannabist’s archived data shows.

The year-to-date 2017 sales have resulted in more than $76.3 million in taxes and fees revenue for the state, according to Colorado Department of Revenue data.

Colorado’s marijuana industry has been in growth mode since 2014, when the state became the first in America to legalize and regulated adult-use cannabis sales. The new industry has set and surpassed benchmarks along the way.

Last year, a new monthly high was set four times. That was topped yet again in March 2017, which boasted sales of $131.7 million.

Economists and analysts have told The Cannabist they expect Colorado’s marijuana industry to top out at some point — especially likely after recreational marijuana programs in other states come online. But observers such as Andrew Livingston, director of economists for cannabis law firm Vicente Sederberg, said he wouldn’t be surprised if Colorado’s marijuana industry wasn’t done setting monthly records.

“The year-over-year rates of growth have continued at a steady pace, which to me indicates that we have not yet reached the point at which we are starting to cap out the market,” he said following the release of the March 2017 numbers.

The monthly sales numbers do potentially have some room for error. The state, in its monthly tax revenue reports, cautions that monthly collections could include late filings and those submitted for corrections from previous months.

This story is developing and will be updated.

Sales stats for Colorado weed
A month-by-month look comparing sales of recreational and medical marijuana, as calculated by The Cannabist:
2017 Recreational total (4 months)
2017 Medical total (4 months)
2017: $491,964,626
2016 Recreational total (12 months)
2016 Medical total (12 months)
2016: $1,313,156,545


Published at Fri, 09 Jun 2017 23:01:45 +0000

What Is Pinene?

What Is Pinene?

What is Pinene?

what is pinene

Pinene is one of the major terpenes found in cannabis. There two kinds of pinene: alpha-pinene, and beta-pinene. This terpene gets its name from, well, the aroma of pine trees. This terpene is responsible for that delicious scent similar to that of pine and fir, and is also found in many strains of cannabis. But aside from lending an aromatic smell to strains, pinene also has several health benefits.

In fact, the health benefits of pinene have been known for centuries. Ancient civilizations would strip barks of pine trees and puncture them just to collect the resin, which contained valuable amounts of pinene. They distilled the resin in water, creating a substance called turpentine. This was used to treat a variety of conditions, and was even diluted in wine, milk, or water to treat respiratory conditions. It was also used as an expectorant back then. Other ancient uses of pinene included mixing it with bee’s wax or another animal’s fat, in order to apply it topically as an antimicrobial agent or analgesic.

Indigenous tribes including those in America have been using pine needles for hundreds of years. They would also make it into a tea to help relieve sore throats, fevers, colds, lung infections, and congestions. Today, many of these tribes still use pine in their purifying rituals because of its amazing healing properties. 

Pinene is found in many other plants as well including both conifer and non-coniferous plants. Pinene is most abundant in pine wood, roseary, balsamic resin, and in certain citrus fruits.

Health Benefits of Pinene


Pinene has significant health benefits for cannabis users. These include:

  • Bronchodilator: Cannabis strains that are high in pinene have shown to be effective in helping to open up the airways of the respiratory system, which makes it beneficial for those who are suffering from asthma as well as other respiratory illnesses. Researchers also suggest that pinene may be beneficial as treatment for people who are exposed to toxins and chemicals in their work environment, such as those who work in industrial cleanups.
  • Lung protection: Studies also show that pinene is helpful in protecting the lungs from certain viral infections. One study showed that the molecules in different varieties of pinene were beneficial in preventing the spread of the bronchitis virus. The study’s researchers also concluded that pinene could be an effective natural remedy against the bronchitis virus.
  • Cancer: Studies also show that pinene may be promising in reducing tumors from hepatoma cells. It has also been used in traditional Chinese medicine for its anti-cancer properties when extracted from pine needle oil. In 2013, a study revealed that pinene was effective in inhibiting the spread of cancerous cells.
  • Alertness and memory: Strains that have high levels of pinene can help improve mental alertness as well as memory retention, thanks to its piney smell (this is also the same reason why pinene in essential oils are used to keep one alert and awake.) Additionally, the molecular size of pinene makes it easy for this terpene to enter the blood-brain barrier, where it acts to inhibit an enzyme called acetylcholinesterase and as a result it improves memory retention.
  • Anti-microbial: Pinene has long been known to have anti-bacterial properties, although it’s only been thoroughly analyzed more in the last few years. A 2007 study analyzing pinene’s ability to treat infectios endocarditis found that both versions of the terpene, the alpha and beta pinene, were effective in killing bacteria. Another study conducted in 2012 showed that pinene has therapeutic properties in killing bacteria, depending on the type of bacteria present.
  • Inflammation: Studies show that pinene has powerful anti-inflammatory properties, another important reason why cannabis is extremely powerful in preventing and treating cancers and tumors as well as numerous other conditions that are caused by inflammation. A 2014 study also showed that because pinene displays powerful anti-inflammatory properties that it may help with arthritis.
  • Depression: Cannabis strains as well as essential oils that contain pinene have been shown to have effective antidepressant properties. For this reason, oils with pinene have been used to treat depression, as part of traditional Mexican medicine.








Published at Thu, 08 Jun 2017 05:00:00 +0000

Louisiana House Approves Marijuana Research Resolution, Full Legislature Approves Medical Marijuana Bill

Louisiana House Approves Marijuana Research Resolution, Full Legislature Approves Medical Marijuana Bill

Louisiana’s House of Representatives has passed House Resolution 1899, and the full legislature has approved Senate Bill 35.

House Resolution 1899, sponsored by Representative Frank Hoffman, was passed by the House with a unanimous 93 to 0 vote. 12 member abstained from voting.

According to its official legislative digest, House Resolution 189: “Urges and requests the Louisiana State University Health Sciences Centers at New Orleans and Shreveport, the Pennington Biomedical Research Center, and the Louisiana State University and Southern University Agricultural Centers to pursue opportunities for basic research, applied research, and clinical trials to evaluate the safety and clinical efficacy of marijuana for therapeutic use.”

The full text of the three-page measure can be found by clicking here.

A separate marijuana-related measure, Senate Bill 35, was recently sent to Governor Bel Edwards for consideration. That measure would exempt those involved in the state’s medical marijuana program from arrest and prosecution. For the full text if Senate Bill 35, click here.

About Anthony Martinelli

Anthony, co-founder and Editor-in-Chief of TheJointBlog, has worked closely with numerous elected officials who support cannabis law reform, including as the former Campaign Manager for Washington State Representative Dave Upthegrove. He has also been published by multiple media outlets, including the Seattle Times. He can be reached at


Published at Thu, 08 Jun 2017 03:34:59 +0000

Medical Marijuana Expansion Bill Delivered to Vermont Governor

Medical Marijuana Expansion Bill Delivered to Vermont Governor

Legislation to expand Vermont’s medical marijuana program – including making PTSD, Crohn’s disease and Parkinson’s disease qualifying conditions – has been delivered to Governor Phil Scott.

Senate Bill 16 was given approval by both the House of Representatives and Senate last month, and on Friday it was officially delivered to Governor Phil Scott. Governor Scott now has the option of signing it into law, allowing it to become law without his signature, or vetoing it as he recently did with a bill that would have made Vermont the ninth state to legalize marijuana for recreational purposes.

Senate Bill 16 would double the number of medical cannabis dispensaries in the state from four to eight, increase the amount of cannabis a patient can possess to three ounces, allow patients to grow cannabis at home even when they have a designated dispensary, and would expand the list of qualifying medical cannabis conditions to include post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), Crohn’s disease and Parkinson’s disease.

In addition, the bill would allow dispensaries to advertise, waves the three-month patient-health care professional relationship requirement “when the patient is referred to a specialist who completes a full examination and signs the medical verification form”, allows patients and caregivers to cultivate cannabis at home even if they have a designated dispensary, allows dispensaries to become for-profit, and requires the Agency of Agriculture, Food and Markets to “independently test marijuana-infused edible or potable products sold by a dispensary to ensure the appropriate labeling of the tetraydrocannabinol content.”

For more information on the bill, including its full text, click here.

About Anthony Martinelli

Anthony, co-founder and Editor-in-Chief of TheJointBlog, has worked closely with numerous elected officials who support cannabis law reform, including as the former Campaign Manager for Washington State Representative Dave Upthegrove. He has also been published by multiple media outlets, including the Seattle Times. He can be reached at


Published at Mon, 05 Jun 2017 16:34:51 +0000

It took the Trump Administration just a month to turn Obama-era drug policy on its head

It took the Trump Administration just a month to turn Obama-era drug policy on its head

My third son, William, was born on April 28. I’ve spent the past month or so getting to know him (thanks, Washington Post’s generous parental leave policy!), and not paying much attention to federal drug policy.

As it turns out I missed quite a bit. In the month of May alone, the Trump administration, particularly Attorney General Jeff Sessions’ Justice Department, steadily ratcheted up its tough-on-crime rhetoric and put in place some policies that give that rhetoric some real-world bite.

You may have missed them too, as many of the decisions were made with little fanfare, and all of them came amid a steady string of revelations about Russia, Paris, Comey, Kushner and even covfefe. Here’s a recap of everything that happened while I was out changing diapers.

Mandatory minimums are back

The big news last month was a memo from Sessions directing federal prosecutors to pursue the most severe penalties possible for any crime, including drug offenses. That means more mandatory minimum sentences for federal drug crimes, a policy that the Justice Department administration had backed away from under President Barack Obama.

In the latter years of the Obama administration, Attorney General Eric H. Holder Jr. had instructed federal prosecutors to seek less severe prison sentences for certain nonviolent drug offenders. Sessions’s directive reverses that policy.

The net effect of the change is that more people will be going to federal prison, reversing a decline in the federal prison population in recent years. Sessions laid the groundwork for this in February when he directed the Justice Department to start using private prisons again to “meet the future needs of the federal correctional system.”

Sessions defended the move as a “key part of President Trump’s promise to keep America safe,” citing a recent uptick in homicides in some cities.

But the best available research suggests that harsh prison sentences do little to deter crime. Sessions’ own Justice Department, citing decades of research, states that “sending an individual convicted of a crime to prison isn’t a very effective way to deter crime” and that “increasing the severity of punishment does little to deter crime.”

Indeed, imprisonment often has the opposite effect, according to the DOJ’s research division: “Inmates learn more effective crime strategies from each other, and time spent in prison may desensitize many to the threat of future imprisonment.”

A drug war hardliner is reevaluating federal marijuana policy

One of the key architects of Sessions’ sentencing memo was Steven Cook, a former federal prosecutor and a lifelong hard-liner on criminal justice issues. Cook is now considering changes to policies governing marijuana and civil asset forfeiture, according to the Associated Press.

While Cook didn’t give away any details of his agenda, he told the AP that “when you put criminals in prison, crime goes down.” As noted by the Justice Department research above, Cook’s formulation is simplistic and largely inaccurate.

“Steve Cook thinks that everyone who commits a crime ought to be locked up in jail,” said Bill Killian, a former U.S. attorney who worked with Cook in the past.

Marijuana use remains a crime at the federal level, regardless of what state regulations say. The Obama administration chose to largely ignore state-level legalization efforts. If Cook intends to reverse that approach, even partially, it could prove disastrous for the country’s $6.7 billion legal marijuana industry – to say nothing of the 33 million adults who use the drug.

Trump signals possible trouble ahead for medical marijuana

For several years now, the Justice Department has been prevented from aggressively targeting medical marijuana operations in states where they’re legal due to a provision, known as the Rohrabacher-Farr amendment, included in omnibus spending bills. The amendment simply states that the Justice Department cannot use federal funds to interfere with the operation of medical marijuana programs in places where they’re legal.

That provision was recently renewed through Sept. 30. But in signing the spending bill it was attached to, Trump added a twist: a signing statement indicating he would “treat this provision consistently with my constitutional responsibility to take care that the laws be faithfully executed.”

Prior presidents have used such statements to ignore or undermine policies they disagreed with. If Trump were to do so on medical marijuana, it could set up an awkward showdown with one of his staunchest allies in Congress: Rep. Dana Rohrabacher (R-Calif.), co-author of the amendment.

For his part, Rohrabacher doesn’t think that will happen: “It would be a huge waste of his time and money, and why would he do that?” he told the Orange County Register last month.

The DEA continues to wage war on marijuana, regardless of what the research says

At a speech at the Cleveland Clinic last week, Drug Enforcement Administration acting chief Chuck Rosenberg reiterated his belief that “marijuana is not medicine.” This flies in the face of decades of research into the effects of marijuana use, most recently outlined in a massive report by the National Academies of Sciences, Medicine and Engineering.

Rosenberg said that any potential medical application of marijuana should be approved by the Food and Drug Administration. But such approval is nearly impossible to obtain because of the drug’s strict regulation under federal law, creating a Catch-22: Marijuana is tightly regulated because it has no accepted medical use, and it has no accepted medical use because it’s so tightly regulated.

A rhetorical escalation

In the past month, leading law enforcement figures have been deploying some of the apocalyptic anti-drug rhetoric that characterized much of federal drug policy in the ’80s and ’90s. Deputy Attorney General Rod J. Rosenstein recently gave a chest-thumping speech before DEA employees, calling them “warriors of freedom” who were fighting an epidemic that is laying waste to society. Demand for illegal drugs is creating “a cycle of death and despair,” he added.

Sessions, meanwhile, has been attempting to tie drug use with the rise of violent crime in some cities. “We know that drugs and crime go hand-in-hand,” he said recently. “Drug trafficking is an inherently violent business. If you want to collect a drug debt, you can’t file a lawsuit in court. You collect it by the barrel of a gun.”

At another speech in West Virginia, Sessions warned of opiate-dependent babies who “scream inconsolably and suffer from tremors, vomiting and seizures” and who are “at risk for developmental and health problems throughout the rest of their lives.” The language echoes the early ’90s panic over “crack babies” that turned out to be largely unsubstantiated.

Trump admires a dictator’s brutal anti-drug crusade

Philippines President Rodrigo Duterte has encouraged his constituents to kill drug addicts and has overseen a bloody anti-drug crusade that’s resulted in thousands of deaths at the hands of law enforcement officers and groups operating extrajudicially.

In late April, Trump called Duterte to praise his drug war and invite him to the White House.

“I just wanted to congratulate you because I am hearing of the unbelievable job on the drug problem. Many countries have the problem, we have a problem, but what a great job you are doing and I just wanted to call and tell you that,” Trump said.

Trump’s budget proposes deep cuts to addiction treatment

Medicaid provides coverage for substance abuse treatment for roughly one-third of all Americans dependent on opioid drugs.

Trump’s budget would cut Medicaid nearly in half by 2020, jeopardizing substance abuse coverage for the roughly 2.3 million opiate-dependent people who use it.

That change is of a piece with the administration’s general views on drug use – a crime to be policed and punished, rather than a public health problem.


Published at Fri, 02 Jun 2017 17:36:21 +0000

Michigan Medical Marihuana Facilities Licensing Board Appointed!

Michigan Medical Marihuana Facilities Licensing Board Appointed!

Michigan Medical Marihuana Facilities Licensing Board Appointed!

Today, Gov. Rick Snyder appointed the five members of the Medical Marihuana Facilities Licensing Board. Under the Medical Marihuana Facilities Licensing Act, the Board is responsible for working with the State’s Department of Licensing and Regulatory Affairs (within which the Board is housed) to promulgate the rules that will govern the medical marijuana industry in Michigan. Beginning this December, the Board will start accepting license applications, and will then oversee the licensing and regulation of industry participants. Governor Snyder’s press release follows:

Gov. Rick Snyder makes initial appointments to the Medical Marihuana Licensing Board

Friday, May 26, 2017

LANSING, Mich. – Gov. Rick Snyder today announced the initial appointments to the Medical Marihuana Licensing Board established by the Medical Marihuana Facilities Licensing Act.

Housed within the Department of Licensing and Regulatory Affairs, the five-member board was created to implement the system of licensing and regulation established under the act for marihuana growth, processing, testing, transporting and provisioning.

“This board will help provide the proper oversight of medical marihuana facilities to keep the public safe by ensuring proper health and safety standards are being met,” Snyder said.

Member with term expiring Dec. 31, 2018:

Nichole Cover of Mattawan is a licensed pharmacist and healthcare supervisor for Walgreens. She currently serves as chair of the Michigan Board of Pharmacy and previously served as the Board’s representative on the Controlled Substance Advisory Commission. Cover holds a bachelor’s degree in pharmacy from Ohio Northern University. She will represent Independents.

Members with terms expiring Dec. 31, 2019:

Serving as the nominee of the Senate Majority Leader is Rick Johnson of LeRoy, who also will serve as chair. He manages Common Cents Farm in LeRoy. Johnson was a state representative from 1998–2004, serving his last four years as Speaker of the House. Johnson holds an honorary doctorate of public service from Ferris State University. He will represent Republicans.

Serving as the nominee of the Speaker of the House is David LaMontaine of Monroe.  He is a business agent and executive board member for the Police Officers’ Association of Michigan. LaMontaine previously served in the United States Marine Corps, as a police officer in Hamtramck, and as a hostage negotiator and detective for the Monroe County Sheriff’s Office. LaMontaine studied employment and labor relations at Wayne State University. He will represent Republicans.

Members with terms expiring Dec. 31, 2020:

Donald Bailey of Traverse City recently retired as a sergeant for the Michigan State Police with 36 years of law enforcement and investigative experience. Bailey holds a bachelor’s degree in criminal justice from Eastern Michigan University, attended the Drug Enforcement Agency’s Drug Unit Commanders Academy, and received a certificate from the Northwestern University Center for Public Safety in Police Management, Staff, and Command. He will represent Republicans.

Vivian Pickard of Bloomfield Hills is the president and CEO of The Pickard Group consulting firm. She recently retired as director of public policy for General Motors and served six years as president of the General Motors Foundation, during which she managed all the company’s U.S. philanthropic donations. Pickard holds a bachelor’s degree in human services management from Ferris State University and a master’s degree in business administration from Central Michigan University. She will represent Independents.

After this round of initial appointments, subsequent members will serve four-year terms.

For further updates on the rulemaking process and development of Michigan’s industry, check back here with Dykema’s Cannabis Law Blog.


Published at Thu, 25 May 2017 16:00:00 +0000

Nevada Hemp Legalization Bill Signed Into Law by Governor

Nevada Hemp Legalization Bill Signed Into Law by Governor

Nevada Governor Brian Sandoval has signed into law a bill legalizing hemp.

Senate Bill 396 received unanimous approval in the Senate in April, and last month was approved by the full Assembly with a 34 to 5 vote. Now, it has been signed into law by Governor Sandoval.

Senate Bill 396 expands a current law that allows hemp to be grown in the state for research purposes by creating “a separate program for the growth and cultivation of industrial hemp and produce agricultural hemp seed in this State”; this would allow hemp to be grown for commercial – and not exclusively research – purposes.

The measure “requires a person who wishes to grow or handle industrial hemp or produce agricultural hemp seed to register with the Department [of Agriculture”, and “requires the testing of commodities or products made using industrial hemp by an independent testing laboratory”

The bill also “allows a facility for the production of edible marijuana products or marijuana-infused products and a medical marijuana dispensary to acquire industrial hemp from a registered grower or handler”, and “allows a facility for the production of edible marijuana products or marijuana-infused products to use industrial hemp to manufacture edible marijuana products and marijuana-infused product”.

Finally, the proposal “allows a medical marijuana dispensary to dispense industrial hemp and edible marijuana products and marijuana-infused products containing industrial hemp”, and  “requires the Division of Public and Behavioral Health of the Department of Health and Human Services to adopt regulations setting forth minimum requirements for industrial hemp which is used by a facility for the production of edible marijuana products or marijuana-infused products to manufacture such products or which is dispensed by a medical marijuana dispensary”.

Cllick here for the full text of Senate Bill 396

About Anthony Martinelli

Anthony, co-founder and Editor-in-Chief of TheJointBlog, has worked closely with numerous elected officials who support cannabis law reform, including as the former Campaign Manager for Washington State Representative Dave Upthegrove. He has also been published by multiple media outlets, including the Seattle Times. He can be reached at


Published at Fri, 02 Jun 2017 22:41:01 +0000